DRC Good Arrival Guidelines

(Revised April 25, 2016)

DRC encourages its members to discuss and agree to the terms of a contract prior to shipment. In the absence of an agreement on grade, DRC defaults to its Good Arrival Guidelines. If the parties do agree on the grade and condition of the product, we will honor their agreement provided it is in compliance with any applicable minimum grade and condition standards that have been established by the importing or exporting country.

In Canada, the Corporation’s Good Arrival Guidelines are a combination of the PACA 5 Day FOB Good Delivery Guidelines and Canadian Destination Tolerances and Suitable Shipping Condition Guidelines. In default situations in Canada the Corporation will use the PACA 5 Day Good Delivery Guidelines for all commodities, with the exception of those commodities for which there are grade standards under the Canadian Fresh Fruit & Vegetable Regulations. The Canadian Board of Arbitration established Suitable Shipping Condition Guidelines which form the basis of Canadian FOB Destination Tolerances.

The Corporation’s Good Arrival Guidelines assume sales are FOB shipping point with regard to risk, regardless of how freight is billed. Those claiming contracts with different tolerances or transit risk passing at locations other than shipping point, will bear that burden of proof.

This table represents a comparison of the percentage of defects allowed by various regulatory bodies

COMMODITY

U.S. GRADE STANDARDS1

Maximum 5 Day Good
Delivery Guideline

PACA

Canadian Destination
Tolerances and
Suitable Shipping
Condition Guidelines
2

Apples

10-5-1

15-8-3

15-10-5-10-4

Most common fruits
and vegetable in
alphabetical order

10 – total allowable defects

5 – total allowable serious defects

1 – total allowable decay

15 – total allowable defects

8 – total allowable serious defects

3 – total allowable decay

15 – total allowable defects

10 – total allowable permanent defects

5 – total allowable same permanent defect

10 – total allowable same condition
defect

4 – total allowable decay

The second column represents a summary of the tolerance of the US Grade Standards. They are for US #1 unless otherwise noted. Some products have both origin and destination tolerances established, for those commodities the destination tolerance has been shown. This column is for reference purposes and would not be used as a default in FOB shipping point transactions.

The third column is the Guideline used by PACA to determine if the shipper has complied with the warranty of suitable shipping condition. It is an attempt to define the maximum defects allowed at destination for an FOB shipping point transaction. The additional tolerances allowed by good delivery over the USDA grade standards are for condition defects only. Good Delivery Standards are established only for head lettuce. Good Delivery for all other commodities are established on a case by case basis. These numbers should be viewed only as guidelines. These guidelines are used only for contracts where risk is designated as FOB shipping point.

The fourth column is the Guideline used in Canada to determine if the shipper has complied with the warranty of suitable shipping condition. It covers those commodities for which Canadian Grade Standards have been established and it defines the maximum defects allowed at destination for an FOB shipping point transaction. These numbers should be viewed only as guidelines. The guidelines in columns three and four are used only for contracts where transit risk is FOB shipping point.

COMMODITY

U.S. GRADE STANDARDS1

Maximum 5 Day Good
Delivery Guideline

PACA

Canadian Destination
Tolerances and
Suitable Shipping
Condition Guidelines
2

A

Anise, Sweet

10-1

15-3

 

Apples

10-5-1

15-8-3

15-10-5-10-4

Apricots

10-5-1

15-8-3

15-10-5-10-3

Artichokes

10-2

15-4

 

Asparagus

10-5-1

15-8-3

15-10-5-10-3

Avocados

10-5-1

15-8-3

 

B

Bananas

No Stds

?

 

Beans, Fava

No Stds

15-3

 

Beans, Lima

10-5-1

15-8-3

 

Beans, Snap

13-5-1

18-8-3

 

Beets

10-5-1

15-8-3

11-6-6-11-4

Blackberries & Dewberries

10-5-1

15-8-3

 

Blueberries

12-6-2

(Destination)

15-8-3

8-3*-3-8-3

*No more than 1% foreign material

Broccoli

10-2

15-4

 

Brussels Sprouts

10-2

15-4

15-10-5-10-4

C

Cabbage

10-2

15-4

15-10-5-10-4

Cantaloupes

10-6-2

(Destination)

15-8-5

15-10-5-10-5

Carrots, Bunched

10-5-1

15-8-3

 

Carrots, Topped

10-5-2

15-8-4

15-10-5-10-4

Carrots, Trimmed Tops

10-5-1

15-8-3

 

Cauliflower

10-5-1

15-8-3

15-10-5-10-3

Celery

10-2

15-4

15-10-5-10-4

Cherries, Sweet

10-6-2

15-8-3

5-10-5-10-3

Corn

10-2

15-4

15-10-5-10-4

Crabapples

 

 

15-10-5-10-5

Cranberries

5-5

(Destination)

?

15-15-5-10-5

Cucumbers

10-1

15-3

15-10-5-10-3

Cucumbers, Greenhouse

 

 

10-5-5-10-3

E

Eggplant

10-1

15-3

 

Endive, Escarole, Chicory

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

G

Garlic

10-2

15-4

 

Grapes, American Type

10-5-2

15-8-4

15-10-5-10-4

Grapes, European Type

10-4-2

(Destination)

15-6-3

15-8-8-15-3

Grapes, Juice

10-5-2

15-8-4

15-10-5-10-5

Grapes, Muscadine

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

Grapefruit, Florida

12-[7 vsd]-3

(Destination)

15-[8 vsd]-5

 

Grapefruit, Texas

See Stds.

15-[8 vsd]-4

 

Grapefruit, CA and AZ

12-[7 vsd]-3

(Destination)

15-[8 vsd]-4

 

Greens, Beet

10-5-1

15-8-3

 

Greens, Broccoli & Collard

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

Greens, Dandelion

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

Greens, Mustard & Turnip

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

H

Horseradish Root

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

K

Kale

10-1

15-3

 

Kiwifruit

12-6-2

(Destination)

15-8-3

 

L

Lemon

12-7-3

(Destination)

15-8-5

 

Lettuce, Leaf

12-6-3

15-9-5

 

Lettuce, Head (Iceberg)

 

15-9-5

15-10-10-15-5

Limes

10-5-3

(Destination)

15-8-5

 

M

Mangoes

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

Melons, Honeydew

10-5-1

15-8-3

 

Mushrooms

5-1

8-2

 

N

Nectarines

12-6-2

(Destination)

15-8-3

 

O

Okra

10-5-1

15-8-3

 

Onions, Grano/Granex

10-2

15-4

 

Onions, Other Than

5-2

8-4

10-5-5-10-4*

*Applies to all onions

Onions, Green

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

Onions, Creole

10-2

15-4

 

Oranges, Florida

12-[7 vsd]-3

(Destination)

15-[8 vsd]-5

 

Oranges, Texas

See Stds.

15-[8 vsd]-5

 

Oranges, CA and AZ

12-7-3

(Destination)

15-8-5

 

P

Parsley

5-1

8-3

 

Parsnips

10-5-1

15-8-3

11-6-6-11-4

Peas

10-5-1

15-8-3

 

Peas, Snow

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

Peaches

14-7-2

(Destination)

17-8-4

15-10-5-10-5

Pears, All Types

10-5-1

15-8-3

15-10-5-10-5

Peppers, Sweet

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

Pineapple

See Stds.

15-8-4

 

Plums & Prunes (Italian)

See Stds.

 

 

Plums, All Other Types

12-6-2

(Destination)

15-8-3

15-10-5-10-3

Potatoes, Seed

See Stds.

 

 

Potatoes, Table

10-[7 int., 7 ext]-2

14-[10 int., 10 ext]-3

15-15*-5-10- 3

*no more than 3% hollow heart, 5% undersized, 5% oversized

R

Radishes

10-1

15-3

 

Raspberries

10-5-1

15-8-3

 

Rhubarb

10-1

15-3

15-10-5-10-3

Romaine

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

Rutabagas

 

 

15-10-10-15-7

S

Shallots

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

Spinach, Plants

10-5-1

15-8-3

 

Spinach, Leaves

10-1

15-3

 

Spinach, Bunched

12-6-3

18-9-5

 

Squash, Summer Types

10-5-1

15-8-3

 

Squash, Winter Types

10-2

15-4

 

Strawberries

10-5-2

15-8-3

15-10-5-10-3*

Sweet Potatoes

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

T

Tangerines, Florida

12-[7 vsd]-3

(Destination)

15-[8 vsd]-5

 

Tangerines, Other

12-[7 vsd]-3

(Destination)

15-[8 vsd]-5

 

Tomatoes, Greenhouse

10-5-1

15-8-3

10-5-5-10-3

Tomatoes, Fresh & Cherry

15-[10 SDA][10 other]-
[5 vsd]-5

20-[15 SDA][15
other][8 vsd]-8

15-10-5-10-5

Tomatoes (TOV)

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

Turnips

10-5-1

15-8-3

 

W

Watermelon

10-5-2

15-8-4

 

1 Canada Tolerances (Unless otherwise noted)

  • 5 part: Total – total permanent – same permanent – same condition – decay

2 US Tolerances (Unless otherwise noted)

  • 2 part: Total – decay
  • 3 part: Total – serious – decay

? – not enough cases have been filed with the PACA to establish a definite guideline